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Rusznyák, A., Vladár, P., Molnár, P., Reskóné, M.N., Kiss, G., Márialigeti, K., Borsodi, A.K. 2008. Cultivable bacterial composition and BIOLOG catabolic diversity of biofilm communities developed on Phragmites australis. Aquatic Botany, 88, 211-218.
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Biofilm samples formed on submerged young and old stems of reed, Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin ex Steudel were taken during summer at different sites of Lake Velencei, Hungary. BIOLOG GN microplates were used to analyze the patterns of sole carbon source utilizations by microbial communities. From the carbon sources, carbohydrates and amino acids were preferred by all microbial communities. In the case of the old reed stem samples, higher number of carbohydrates, carboxylic acids and polymers were used than in young samples. Biofilm bacterial communities from the old reed samples of the nature conservation area of the lake used the highest number of (>= 50% of the available) substrates. In principal component analysis (PCA), the metabolic potential of the microbial communities from the middle open water region of the lake showed the smallest variability. The variability within metabolic potential of the reed stem microbial communities from a given sampling site was the largest in the case of samples originating from the western, reed-covered nature conservation area. A total of 251 bacterial isolates obtained after serial dilutions and plating onto different media were characterized by traditional phenotypic tests. The strains showed high activities mainly in the hydrolysis of certain biopolymers (gelatine and casein). PCA was used to evaluate the phenotypic variability of strain groups of different sampling sites. The two open water regions were similar to each other, and separated from the western reed covered part of the lake. Similarly to the BIOLOG community-level physiological profiles, strain groups of the young and old reed stem samples originating from the nature conservation area had the largest metabolic potential. On the basis of 16S rDNA sequence analysis, 23 representative strains with different ARDRA patterns were identified. The cultivation-based investigations of bacterial diversity showed characteristic differences in the number of identified taxa in connection with the sampling sites. No characteristic differences could be observed according to medium or sample type (young, first year and more than 1-year old stems) among the identified species. 16S rDNA sequence comparisons resulted in the identification of the genera Aureobacterium, Arthrobacter, Kocuria, Microbacterium, Micrococcus, Rhodococcus, Bacillus, Marinibacillus, Rhodobacter, Defluvibacter, Pseudomonas, Klebsiella, Serratia and Aeromonas. The results of the cultivation-based and BIOLOG investigations revealed characteristic differences in the bacterial community composition and activities of the open water region and the reed covered nature conservation part of the lake.

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